Wound Types

What is Diabetes:

Diabetes is disease caused by the pancreas producing too little insulin, or where the body is unable to use the insulin correctly, or both. Diabetes And Wound Healing this leads to high levels of sugar in the blood, which is left untreated, increases the risk of complications which may be disabling, or even life threatening.

What happens to glucose in people suffering from diabetes:

If insulin is not working properly, or if there is not enough insulin, the glucose increases in our blood causing high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) and our cells are left without any glucose.

Why is it important for our cells to have glucose:

Glucose is essential for the cells to function properly. It is the brains main source of energy and an important source of energy for the cells that make up muscle and other tissues in our body.

What is wrong with too much sugar in the blood?:

Having high levels of sugar in the blood over a period of time leads to complications which will affect your health negatively and may be life threatening. Diabetes And Wound Healing If left untreated, diabetes may lead to the following complications:

• Eye disease – Damage of the blood vessels in the eye, which may lead to blindness. Risk of cataract and glaucoma.

• Cardiovascular disease: Increased blood pressure

• Stroke – Increased likelihood due to narrowing of arteries

• Skin conditions – Increased susceptibility to skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections.

• Kidney damage – Damage to the filtering system may lead to kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease.

• Nerve damage – Damage to nerve due to excess sugar leads to loss of feeling in the hands and feet.

• Foot damage – Lack of proper blood flow to the feet, or nerve damage, increase the risk of various complications. Minor injuries (blisters of cuts), if left untreated, can develop serious infections, which become difficult to treat and may require amputation of toe, foot or leg. A large percentage of diabetics develop foot problems. Please contact Ilosun Ointment info line for any assistance. 082 449 2728

How is diabetes managed or treated:

Blood test is necessary in order for you to diagnose diabetes. Diabetes And Wound Healing If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor will take into account your medical history and develop a treatment plan that best suits you. The ideal treatment plan will stabilise your blood sugar levels, with minimum side effects, to prevent the complications of diabetes.


The ideal for any burn is to apply Ilosun immediately or as soon as possible onto burned area to extract pain, reduce swelling, remove dead wound tissue, and start with healing process immediately. Ilosun’s research and patient studies have shown analgesic effect and cooling down on the burned area.

Partial Thickness Burn

Partial thickness burns and wounds have the capacity to heal rapidly because of presence of viable dermal components. If wound is treated immediately with Ilosun Ointment, re-epithelization occurs from the base and the edge of the burn and wound healing should be completed in a short period of time. Patient studies with partial thickness burns have shown a protective skin layer in only 5 days and an epidermis is developed that is not pigmented and hornified…leaving no scars. No skin graft needed. (Refer to moist Healing paragraph)

Full Thickness Burn

Full thickness wounds and burns only heal from the edge and therefor healing is slow in anything but the smallest burns…leading to skin grafts. Comparison studies with Ilosun Ointment on septic wounds have shown: Remarkable slough (dead tissue) removal and preparing septic wound for early skin graft and in most cases no skin graft was needed on delayed burns. Always aim toward early repair with Ilosun Ointment to prevent infection and to promote healing process excluding complications like skin grafts.

Wound Care For Burns

Always aim towards early repair of any wound, especially burns. The ideal is to apply Ilosun Ointment first-hand onto burned area to extract pain, reduce swelling, removal of dead tissue and to stimulate circulation. Pain relief: During the burning the tissues on the surface are damaged to different extends and the sensory nerve terminations are exposed to a shock like effect and the injury is extremely painful.

Aim Towards Early Repair

For any wound to prevent prolonged healing and complications. A burn is dynamic, and infection can convert from a partial thickness wound to a full thickness wound. This could lead to skin grafts. The longer the wound takes to heal, the greater the chance for hypertrophic scar tissue to develop.

Ointment Application

Apply a thick layer of Ilosun Ointment onto gauze and place over burned area. This creates a moist healing environment that stimulates the wound healing process and promotes better epithelial cell migration. If a wound should dry out, however, this impedes the recovery of the circulation and as a result the grade can deteriorate and resistance against local infections decline. For this reason, drying out of a wound should be prevented at all cost. Fingers and toes should be dressed separately and in such a way that movement can be encouraged to prevent contractures. Intact blisters should be left alone as it provides a sterile environment for the healing to occur. Ilosun will deal with the blisters in time by gently removing it with its extracting factors. Cover with crepe bandages. Always protect the delicate healing tissue when changing dressing. Ilosun will not stick to underlying wound tissue. Soak wound or spray clean with mild diluted salt water or 0.9% Normal Saline solution. Do not use strong disinfectants or chemicals. Do not try to remove any dead tissue or exudates inside the wound manually. Protect the delicate healing tissue at all time. Ilosun Ointment will gentle remove all dead tissue from wound. Tip dry with a clean gauze and do new application. Do dressings daily. Clean wounds can be stretch to 2 days.

Pressure Sores

During treatment of pressure sores, no pressure should be on the wound area, because Ilosun Ointment removes dead tissue and then starts with granulation process. Halt the formation of dead tissue by not putting any pressure onto wound area if possible. Make sure the whole cavity is filled with Ilosun ointment.

Septic Wounds & Ulcers

These wounds have less swelling, bad circulation and necrosis of tissue. Because of long term necrosis these wounds will only heal over a period depending on the time and stage of the wounds.

If Ilosun Ointment is applied to septic wound, it will first deal with the infection; extract exudate and necrotic tissue. Do not panic if dressing shows a lot of exudate for the first period of time depending on the necrotic-and septic status of the wound. Apply a thick layer of Ilosun Ointment onto gauze and place over entire wound area to create a moist healing environment in the form of an ointment that does not stick to the underlying tissues, protecting the delicate new cells. The moist environment stimulates the wound healing process and promotes better epithelial cell migration. If a wound should dry out, it impedes the recovery of the circulation and as a result the wound grade deteriorates and resistance against local infections declines. In some cases, this moist healing environment will soften the surrounding intact skin. Try to place ointment only on the wound area. Daily dressing is required but dressings can be stretched to a second day in case of clean wounds showing low exudate. Clean wound gently with N-Saline or diluted salt water. Do not use any strong anti-septic. Once again protect the delicate new tissue at all time. No interference inside the wound. Inspect the wound before first application for any dead tissue (grey or white colour of tissue). Ilosun will remove all the dead tissue and for this reason the wound might look slightly bigger but then Ilosun will start the healing process by filling up the wound with granulation tissue. Any necrotic tissue or areas will be removed.

Long term full thickness wounds might tend to over granulate after the cavity has been filled up with granulation tissue. In these cases, light pressure can be applied to over granulation area by making a small pad of gauze and placing it over this area. Wrap the crepe dressing slightly tighter over this gauze padding area to inhibit the over granulation. Always avoid long standing periods and try to elevate the wound extremity.

Kaposi Sarcoma

Kaposi Sarcoma is caused by a virus called human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8), also known as Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV). Kaposi Sarcoma develops when infected cells that line lymph or blood vessels begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Whereas most cancers begin one part of the body and may later spread to other areas, Kaposi Sarcoma can start in several parts of the body at the same time. Ilosun Ointment has shown remarkable results with cases of Kaposi Sarcoma and especially in HIV Third stage – Kaposi Sarcoma.